The countries of South America produce almost half of the world's total coffee revenues. They export coffee varieties that are ideal for blending. Part of this harvest is used domestically – it does not meet the expectations of discerning consumers overseas in terms of flavour.
Brazil is called the giant of the coffee market. Approx. 4 mil. coffee trees grow here; 75% of the crop is produced by small farmers.
On the international coffee market, the coffee from Brazil, which is usually washed and sun-dried, is categorised in "Brazils" and "Milds" and "other Arabics".
Brazil produces the majority of the Robustas in standard consumption quality as sold at supermarkets. This Brazilian Robusta is marketed as Conillon and accounts for about 15% of all coffee production.
Columbia is the largest country of origin for Arabica beans and globally the largest exporter for washed green coffee. The growing regions are in the foothills of the Andes.
The most important plantations are near Medelli, Armenia and Manziales. These three regions are known as MAM. You can find other excellent cultivation areas in Bogotá and near Bucaramanga.
Columbian coffee is mild, well-balanced in taste and is often described as velvety. It is contained in many coffee blends, but also available as origin coffee.
The best growing region is the state of Táchira in the southwest. Montebello from San Cristóbal de Táchira, Mirama from Rubio de Táchira, Granjia from Timote de Mérida and Ala Granjia from Santa Anna de Táchira are considered the best coffees.
The names Maracaibo, Mérida and Trujillo and Filomena and Gúcuta vouch for quality.
Venezuelan coffee has an unmistakeable taste: light and fine with low acidity. This explains why it is suitable for both blends and as origin coffee.